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34.4 Documentation and References
34.4.1 STScI GHRS Documentation
Many of the documents described in this section are available only as paper. Archival users should not generally need them, but if needed, copies are cataloged1 and stored in the STScI Library.
The GHRS Instrument Handbook is the single most useful reference about the GHRS except for this data handbook; it describes instrument operating modes as well as observing strategies. The instrument handbook is critical for understanding why a series of observations may have been obtained in a particular manner at a particular time. The flight software and operating procedures for the GHRS changed continually over its life as errors were corrected and new features installed. The different versions of the instrument handbook document the history of these efforts (as do the ISRs, described below).
Eight versions of the GHRS Instrument Handbook were issued by STScI between October, 1985, and June, 1995. The first four versions (1.0, 2.0, 2.1, and 3.0) exist as paper-only documents, and they pertain to the pre-COSTAR instrument. The last four versions (4.0, 4.1, 5.0, and 6.0) are available on-line as Adobe Acrobat and world wide web documents, and were written for the post-COSTAR instrument.
The instrument handbook contains information pertinent to specific time periods and cycles of HST operation. Archival researchers should not need to refer to these documents but we list them in Table 34.2 for completeness.
GHRS Instrument Handbook Versions
Instrument Science Reports
Instrument Science Reports (ISRs) are technical papers issued by STScI that summarize, for example, calibrations, or new operating features. Ninety-one GHRS ISRs were written. Sometimes ISRs provide details not available elsewhere, but in general we have tried to encapsulate the contents of ISRs into this data handbook so that archival researchers will not need to refer to them. There are some cases where the ISR treats a specialized subject that is beyond the scope of this handbook, and we note those where appropriate.
34.4.2 GHRS Web Resources
STScI maintains extensive resources on the World Wide Web. GHRS resources can be found by using the search mechanism. You should always check there for changes or updates. STScI's home page is at:
34.4.3 GHRS Bibliography
The following papers include discussions of GHRS construction and performance or provide detailed explanations of particularly useful data analysis techniques. A more complete list of references is available on the web and as GHRS ISR 91.
Primary Reference for GHRS Performance
The following paper should, in most cases, be cited when referring to GHRS observations:
Ultraviolet Reddening and Extinction
- Bless, R.C., and B.D. Savage, "Ultraviolet Photometry from the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory. II. Interstellar Extinction." 1972, ApJ, 171, 293-308.
- Nandy, K., G.I. Thompson, C. Jamar, A. Monfils, and R. Wilson, "Studies of Ultraviolet Interstellar Extinction with the Sky-survey Telescope of the TD-1 Satellite." 1976, A&A, 51, 63-69.
- Code, A.D., J. Davis, R.C. Bless, and R. Hanbury Brown, "Empirical Effective Temperatures and Bolometric Corrections for Early-Type Stars." 1976, ApJ, 203, 417-434.
- Seaton, M.J., "Interstellar Extinction in the UV" 1979, MNRAS, 187, 73P-76P.
- Savage, B.D., and J.S. Mathis, "Observed Properties of Interstellar Dust" 1979, ARA&A, 17, 73-112.
GHRS-Related Technical Papers
- Ebbets, D.C., J.C. Brandt, and the HRS Investigation Definition Team, "Ultraviolet High-Resolution Spectroscopy from the Space Telescope," 1983, PASP, 95, 543-549.
- Reader, J., N. Acquista, C.J. Sansonetti, and J.E. Sansonetti, "Wavelengths and Intensities of a Platinum/Neon Hollow Cathode Lamp in the Region 1100-4000 Å," 1990, ApJS, 72, 831-866.
- Ebbets, D.C., J. Brandt, and S. Heap, S.,"Status of the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph in May 1991," in The First Year of HST Observations, edited by A.L. Kinney and J.C. Blades, 1991, p. 110-122.
- Cardelli, J.A., D.C. Ebbets, and B.D. Savage, "Scattered Light in the Echelle Modes of the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph Aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. I. Analysis of Prelaunch Calibration Data." 1990, ApJ, 365, 789-802.
- Cardelli, J.A., D.C. Ebbets, and B.D. Savage, "Scattered Light in the Echelle Modes of the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph Aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. II. Analysis of Inflight Spectroscopic Observations." 1993, ApJ, 413, 401-415.
- Gilliland, R.L., S.L. Morris, R.J. Weymann, D.C. Ebbets, D.C., and D.J. Lindler, "Resolution and Noise Properties of the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph," 1992, PASP, 104, 367-382. (Discusses deconvolution of the effects of the GHRS PSF and LSF.)
- Brandt, J.C., et al., "The Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph: Instrument, Goals, and Science Results," 1994, PASP, 106, 890-908. (Publication of record for the pre-COSTAR GHRS.)
- Blades, J.C., and S.J. Osmer, editors., Calibrating Hubble Space Telescope: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at STScI published by STScI. (Contains several papers of relevance for data analysis.)
- Lyu, C.-H., F.C. Bruhweiler, and A.M. Smith, "Tomography/Power Spectrum Techniques for Removal of Fixed Pattern Noise from Hubble Space Telescope Spectra," 1995, ApJ, 447, 880-888.
- Lallement, R., J.-L. Bertaux, J.T. and Clarke, "Deceleration of Interstellar Hydrogen at the Heliospheric Interface" 1993, Science, 260, 1095-1098. (Provides a good illustration of geocoronal Ly- with the LSA and Echelle-A.)
- Lambert, D.L., Y. Sheffer, R.L. Gilliland, and S.R. Federman, "Interstellar Carbon Monoxide toward Ophiuchi," 1994, ApJ, 420, 756-771. (Discsses how to achieve very high signal-to-noise with the GHRS.)
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If you search the library's on-line catalog for GHRS documents, try the string "HRS" because many older documents pre-date the addition of "Goddard" to the name.
Copyright © 1997, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy. All rights
Last updated: 01/14/98 15:43:51