Getting Started

Tour of VMS for First-Time Users


This section is a brief tutorial for first-time VMS users. Commands introduced here will not be described in detail--more involved discussions will be left to later chapters.

First Session

In this session, we will work through a few basic tasks to get you acquainted with the VMS system. We will begin by describing how to change your password, and what you should expect in the way of input and output as you work with the system. We will explore some general utilities and commands that most users find particularly useful.

Setting the Password

The first time you log into the system, you will be prompted to change your password. If you later decide to change your password to something else, you would type:

$ SET PASSWORD
The system prompts you for your old password, and then prompts you twice for the new password. If the two responses for the new password do not agree, the system will not change the password. If the two passwords agree, then you will get the $ prompt and your password will have been reset. Figure
1.3 shows a sample password change--notice that neither the old nor the new passwords show up on your screen as they are entered.



Figure 1.3: Setting a New Password


Passwords cannot be looked up by anybody--even a system manager--once they are assigned. If you forget your password the system manager will have to assign a new one.


Commands

Commands are typed at the dollar ($) prompt. Here are a few basic characteristics of Digital Command Language (DCL):

  COMMAND/qualifier parameter/qualifier
     For example:
  $ DIR/SIZE login.com



   $ DELETE FILE1.TXT;2,FILE2.DAT;*
   $ COPY FILE1.TXT NU_FILE1.TXT
A few commands that you might want to experiment with now are*2:

Reading Mail

Most users rely on e-mail for their communications needs (e-mail will be described extensively in
"MAIL" on page 138). To start the Mail utility, type MAIL. Once you get the MAIL> prompt, you can read any messages that other users have sent to you by typing READ, or by pressing .

Creating a File

To create a new file, type CREATE. The system will ask you for a file name. Type whatever text you want in the file. Press - to end your input.

Printing a File

To print a copy of the file on your default printer*3, use the PRINT command followed by the file name. For example:

$ PRINT JUNK.TXT

Deleting a File

To get rid of a file you don't need, use the DELETE command followed by the complete file name--including file type and version number. For example:

$ DELETE JUNK.TXT;2

Logging Out

At the end of every session, type LOGOUT.

First Session
Setting the Password
Figure 1.3: - Setting a New Password
Commands
Reading Mail
Creating a File
Printing a File
Deleting a File
Logging Out

Generated with CERN WebMaker