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Hubble Space Telescope
Frontier Fields

Hubble Deep Field Initiative
 

Latest News

03/04/2014 Epoch 1 for MACS0416.1-2403 and its parallel field is complete and v1.0 data products have been released.

01/11/2014 First v0.5 data release of MACS0416.1-2403 now available in the archive. See MAST Frontier Fields.

12/17/2013 Epoch 1 for Abell 2744 and its parallel field is complete and v1.0 data products have been released.

10/25/2013 First Abell 2744 and its parallel field data are in the archive. See MAST Frontier Fields.

10/21/2013 First Frontier Fields discovery of a supernova by Jennifer Lotz! See discovery announcement.

10/17/2013 First data from MACSJ0717.5+3745 is available in the archive. See MAST Frontier Fields.

10/16/2013 Lensing models release for Abell 2744! See Frontier Fields Lens Models.

The Frontier Fields Goals

Using Director's Discretionary (DD) observing time, HST is undertaking a revolutionary deep field observing program to peer deeper into the Universe than ever before and provide a first glimpse of JWST's universe.

These Frontier Fields will combine the power of HST with the natural gravitational telescopes of high-magnification clusters of galaxies. Using both the Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys in parallel, HST will produce the deepest observations of clusters and their lensed galaxies ever obtained, and the second-deepest observations of blank fields (located near the clusters). These images will reveal distant galaxy populations ~10-100 times fainter than any previously observed, improve our statistical understanding of galaxies during the epoch of reionization, and provide unprecedented measurements of the dark matter within massive clusters.

This program is based upon the 2012 recommendations from the Hubble Deep Fields Initiative Science Working group: SWG Report 2012

Six Frontier Fields

Cluster Name z Cluster Parallel Field
RA Dec RA Dec
Year 1:
Abell 2744 0.308 00:14:21.2 -30:23:50.1 00:13:53.6 -30:22:54.3
MACSJ0416.1-2403 0.396 04:16:08.9 -24:04:28.7 04:16:33.1 -24:06:48.7
Year 2:
MACSJ0717.5+3745 0.545 07:17:34.0 +37:44:49.0 07:17:17.0 +37:49:47.3
MACSJ1149.5+2223 0.543 11:49:36.3 +22:23:58.1 11:49:40.5 +22:18:02.3
Year 3:
Abell S1063 (RXCJ2248.7-4431) 0.348 22:48:44.4 -44:31:48.5 22:49:17.7 -44:32:43.8
Abell 370 0.375 02:39:52.9 -01:34:36.5 02:40:13.4 -01:37:32.8