A Position mode visit
yields measurements of the location of objects in the FGS’s total field of view (FOV), and hence their relative angular positions. The objects are observed sequentially according to the sequence of exposure lines in the proposal. The target list of a typical Position mode visit consists of the science object(s) and reference stars used to define the local reference frame. A subset of the targets, referred to as check stars, should be observed several times during the course of the visit to track any spurious motion of the FGS’s FOV on the plane of the sky (e.g., thermally induced drift or OTA focus changes). The changes in the positions of the check stars are used to model the drift as a function of time so that its contaminating effect can be eliminated from the astrometry.
During a Position mode exposure the object is tracked in FineLock (see Appendix A:
). After the target is acquired by the Search and CoarseTrack procedures, FineLock begins with a WalkDown, a series of steps of the IFOV toward the CoarseTrack photocenter. At each step, the IFOV is held fixed for a period defined by FESTIME (Fine Error Signal averaging time) while the PMT data are integrated to compute the Fine Error Signal (FES, the instantaneous value of the S-Curve) on each axis. Once the FES on both axes have exceeded a pre-set threshold, FineLock tracking begins. The star selectors are continuously adjusted after every FESTIME to re-position the IFOV in an attempt to zero out the FES during the next integration period. The objective is to present the Koesters prism a wavefront with zero tilt.