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Index

A
ACCUM
dark current calibration
function of
minimum time
mode, described 1, 2
multiple reads
accumulate mode
see "ACCUM"
ACQ 1, 2, 3, 4
function of
mode, described
active control law
afterimages
amplifier glow 1, 2
described
non-linearity
aperture
defining
NIC1 through NIC3-FIX
NIC2-ACQ 1, 2
NIC2-CORON 1, 2
array
comparison to CCD
read 1, 2
reset
artifacts
amplifier glow 1, 2, 3, 4
shading
associations
atomic lines
attached parallel
B
background 1, 2
ground-based
infrared
radiation
in exposure calculations
spectroscopy
thermal 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
zodiacal 1, 2
zodiacal light
bad pixels 1, 2, 3
detector
bandpass
see "filter"
Becklin-Neugebauer object
bleeding
breathing 1, 2
bright object limitations
bright object mode
see "BRIGHTOBJ"
bright targets
BRIGHTOBJ
calibration of mode
exposure times
function of
mode, described
C
camera
attached parallel
changing, overhead
field of view
filters
focus
image quality
orientation 1, 2
resolution
spatial resolution
NIC1
NIC2
NIC3
spectroscopy, camera 3
camera 1 through camera 3
see "camera" and "filter"
CCD
compared to NICMOS array
CELESTIAL 1, 2
chop 1, 2
overhead
patterns
ONE-CHOP
TWO-CHOP
CO lines
cold baffling
cold pixels
combined patterns
SPIRAL-DITH-CHOP
XSTRIP-DITH-CHOP
YSTRIP-DITH-CHOP
continuous viewing zone
conversion tool
cooling system 1, 2, 3
capillary pumped loop 1, 2
circulator loop 1, 2, 3
circulator pump
compressor pump
cooling coil
cryocooler 1, 2
electronic support module 1, 2
flex lines
heat exchanger 1, 2, 3
multi-layer insulation
NCS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
power conversion electronics
coordinate system
NICMOS 1, 2
coronagraphy
aperture
cold mask
coronagraphic hole 1, 2
coronagraphic mask
image contrast, PSF centering
observations 1, 2
occulting spot
target acquisition
overhead
cosmic rays 1, 2, 3
effect
CPL (Capillary Pumped Loop)
see "cooling system"
cryocooler
see "cooling system"
CVZ
see "continuous viewing zone"
D
dark current
calibration in ACCUM or MULTIACCUM
detector 1, 2
exposure times
data
data negative limit
readout, overhead
DEFOCUS
mode 1, 2
detector
amplifier glow 1, 2, 3, 4
array reset
arrays
artifacts
bad pixels
bias
bright object limitations
characteristics
dark current 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
described
DQE
dynamic range 1, 2, 3
gain
HgCdTe 1, 2
linearity 1, 2
non-destructive read
non-linearity
operations
photovoltaic
quantum efficiency
read noise 1, 2, 3
readout modes 1, 2
response 1, 2
saturation 1, 2
shading
see "shading" 1, 2
throughput
well depth
dewar 1, 2, 3, 4
aft end
cold mask
shifts
cryogenic liquid
inner shell
solid nitrogen
thermal short 1, 2
diffraction
rings
spikes
diffraction limited 1, 2
dispersion direction
dither 1, 2, 3, 4
patterns
SPIRAL-DITH
SQUARE-WAVE-DITH
XSTRIP-DITH
YSTRIP-DITH
dynamic range
detector
E
earthshine
electronic bars
emission lines
exposure times
emissivity
encircled energy 1, 2
epsilon diagrams
ESM (Electronic Support Module)
see "cooling system"
exclusion
F164N, camera 3
F175W, camera 3
F187N, camera 3
F190N, camera 3
F196N, camera 3
F200N, camera 3
F212N, camera 3
F215N, camera 3
F222M, camera 3
F240M, camera 3
grisms
polarizers
exposure time calculator
extended objects
point sources
signal-to-noise
exposure times
background radiation
BRIGHTOBJ
calculating
dark current
emission line contribution
instrument parameters
instrumental factors
signal-to-noise, calculating
F
F090M through F237M
see "filter"
FET
see "field effect transistor"
FGS (Fine Guidance Sensors)
field effect transistor
field of view
cameras
field offset mirror
optical path
parallel observation
PSF
filter
available, list of
bandpasses 1, 2, 3
camera 1
camera 2
camera 3
described 1, 2
F090M, camera 1
F095N, camera 1
F097N, camera 1
F108N, camera 1
F108N, camera 3
F110M, camera 1
F110W, camera 1
F110W, camera 3
F113N, camera 1
F113N, camera 3
F11W, camera 2
F140W, camera 1
F145M, camera 1
F150W, camera 3
F160W, camera 1
F160W, camera 2
F160W, camera 3
F164N, camera 1
F164N, camera 3
F165M, camera 1
F165M, camera 2
F166N, camera 1
F170M, camera 1
F171M, camera 2
F175W, camera3
F180M, camera 2
F187N, camera 1
F187N, camera 2
F187N, camera 3
F187W, camera 2
F190N, camera 1
F190N, camera 2
F190N, camera 3
F196N, camera 3
F200N, camera 3
F204M, camera 2
F205W, camera 2
F207M, camera 2
F212N, camera 2
F212N, camera 3
F215N, camera 2
F215N, camera 3
F216N, camera 2
F222M, camera 2
F222M, camera 3
F237M, camera 2
F240M, camera 3
filter wheel
G141
leak
nomenclature
polarimetry
sensitivities
sensitivity curves, polarizers
sensitivity parameters 1, 2
spectroscopy 1, 2
transmission
flat field
color dependent
response 1, 2
sensitivity variations
flux
Jansky 1, 2
magnitude systems
standard stars
unit conversion
examples
units 1, 2
focus
camera 1
camera 2
history
NIC3
out-of-focus operations
pupil alignment mechanism
FOM
see "field offset mirror"
FOS (Faint Object Spectrograph)
G
gain
see "detector"
ghosts
glint 1, 2
glow
amplifier, see "amplifier glow"
grisms 1, 2
available
background radiation
described
resolving power
spectroscopy 1, 2
grot
guide star
acquisition overhead 1, 2
reacquisition overhead
H
helium lines
Help Desk
contacting
history
HOST (HST Orbital Systems Test)
hot pixels
hydrogen lines
I
IDT "Instrument Development Team"
image
quality
strehl ratios
imaging
filters
infrared
polarimetry
sensitivity limits
instrument
camera orientation
coordinate system
design
field divider
field of view
field offset mirror
filters
optical train 1, 2
optics
overview
pixel size
pupil alignment mechanism
setup time, overhead
intrapixel sensitivity
J
Jansky
see also "flux"
jitter
L
leaks
filters
linearity
detector
lines
atomic
molecular
LOW-SKY
M
magnitude
CIT system
flux conversion
infrared system
UKIRT system
zero points
map patterns
SPIRAL-MAP
mapping
MLI (Multi-Layer Insulation)
see "cooling system"
modes
ACCUM 1, 2
ACQ 1, 2
BRIGHTOBJ
detector readout
INT-ACQ 1, 2
mode-2 acquisition 1, 2
MULTIACCUM 1, 2, 3
molecular lines
mosaic
MULTIACCUM 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
dark current calibration
dynamic range
function of
mode, described 1, 2, 3
SAMP-TIME
multiple accumulate mode
see "MULTIACCUM"
multiple initial and final reads 1, 2
N
NCC (NICMOS Cryo Cooler)
see "cooling system"
NCS (NICMOS Cooling System)
see "cooling system" 1, 2
NEXP
NIC1 1, 2, 3, 4
encircled energy
optimal focus
NIC1 through NIC3-FIX
see "aperture"
NIC2 1, 2, 3, 4
encircled energy
NIC3 1, 2, 3, 4
best focus
vignetting
NICMOS cooling system
see "cooling system"
NICMOS cryocooler
see "cooling system"
NICMOS-ORIENT
NIC-SPIRAL-DITH
non-destructive readout 1, 2, 3
NREAD
NSAMP 1, 2
Nyquist sampling
O
observation
attached parallel
coronagraphic, planning
grism, planning
planning
polarimetry, planning
observing patterns
predesigned
NIC-MAP
NIC-ONE-CHOP
NIC-ONE-SKY-CHOP
NIC-SPIRAL-DITH
NIC-SPIRAL-DITH-CHOP
NIC-SPIRAL-DITH-SKY-CHOP
NIC-SPIRAL-MAP
NIC-SQUARE-WAVE-DITH
NIC-TWO-CHOP
NIC-TWO-SKY-CHOP
NIC-XSTRIP-DITH
NIC-XSTRIP-DITH-CHOP
NIC-XSTRIP-DITH-SKY-CHOP
NIC-YSTRIP-DITH
NIC-YSTRIP-DITH-CHOP
OFFSET
on-board acquisition
operating mode
overheads
optical baffles
optical elements
grisms
optical telescope assembly
breathing
optics
astigmatism
coma
dewar
elements
emissivity
filters
grisms
orbits
required, calculating
time requests
ORIENT
orientation
described
OTA
see "optical telescope assembly"
overhead
coronagraphy
example, polarimetry
examples
instrument specific
NICMOS specific
observatory level 1, 2
P
paint flakes
see "grot"
PAM
see "pupil alignment mechanism" 1, 2, 3
parallels
attached
pattern parameter form 1, 2
PCE (Power Conversion Electronics)
see "cooling system"
pedestal
persistence
cosmic ray 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
photon 1, 2
photodiode
photometric stability
photometry
Johnson’s system
red source
sources with extreme colors
stability
Vega
young stellar objects
plate scale 1, 2, 3
pointing
HST
polarimetry
example
filters
spectral coverage
polarizers
POS-TARG 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
post-SAA
proposal
instructions
overheads, exposure
Phase I
Phase II
Phase II Proposal Instructions
submission process
unsupported modes
PSF 1, 2
centering
field dependence
field offset mirror
NIC3
Nyquist sampling
subtraction
temporal dependence
temporal variations
pupil alignment mechanism 1, 2
focus
optical path
Q
quality
image
R
re-acquisitions
read noise
described
detector
readout
ACCUM mode 1, 2
ACQ mode 1, 2
BRIGHTOBJ
exposure times
mode 1, 2
MULTIACCUM mode 1, 2, 3
non-destructive
NSAMP
SAMP-TIME
readout modes
detector
resolution
cameras
re-use target acquisition
described
reuse target offset 1, 2, 3, 4
RT ANALYSIS
RTO
see "reuse target offset"
S
SAA
see "South Atlantic Anomaly"
SAM
see "small angle maneuvers"
SAMP-TIME
saturation
detector
sensitivity
F164N, camera 3
F171M, camera 2
F175W, camera 3
F187N, camera 3
F190N, camera 3
F196N, camera 3
F200N, camera 3
F212N, camera 3
F215N, camera 3
F222M, camera 3
F237M, camera 2
F240M, camera 3
grisms
limits
polarizers
servicing mission
SM3B 1, 2, 3
shading 1, 2, 3, 4
dark current removal
described 1, 2
shutter
detector reset
shutter mechanism
signal-to-noise
calculating 1, 2
sky brightness
zodiacal background
small angle maneuvers 1, 2, 3, 4
software
spectroscopy reduction
South Atlantic Anomaly
Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility (ST-ECF)
spacecraft jitter
spacecraft orientations
spectroscopy
central wavelength
complex fields
dispersion
G141
grism, general
grisms, described
sensitivity
spectral coverage
STSDAS
calibration
T
target acquisition
ACQ mode, described
aperture 1, 2
interactive
onboard 1, 2
re-use target offset
target acquisition mode
TECs
see "thermally electrically cooled shells"
telescope
motion
motion, overhead
small angle maneuvers
thermal background 1, 2, 3, 4
thermal electrically cooled shells
thermal emission 1, 2
thermal regime 1, 2
thermal short
see "dewar"
thermal stress
throughput
time-resolved images
TinyTim
TWO-CHOP
U
units
in Handbook
microns
user support
Help Desk
V
vapor cooled shield
Vega
vignetting
cameras 1 and 2
cold
NIC3
warm
Visual Target Tuner (VTT)
W
wavefront error
wavelength
units
World Wide Web
NICMOS Web page
Y
young stellar objects (YSOs) 1, 2
Z
zodiacal background 1, 2, 3
ινστρυμεντ
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