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Call for Proposals and HST Primer
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Hubble Space Telescope Primer for Cycle 22
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 About this Document
1.2 What’s New This Cycle
1.3 Resources, Documentation and Tools
1.3.1 Phase I “Roadmap”
1.3.2 Cycle 22 Announcement Webpage
1.3.3 Cycle 22 Call for Proposals
1.3.4 Instrument Handbooks
1.3.5 The Astronomer’s Proposal Tool (APT) and the Aladin Sky Atlas
1.3.6 Exposure Time Calculators (ETCs)
1.3.7 HST Data Archive
1.3.8 Data Reduction and Calibration
1.4 STScI Help Desk
Chapter 2: System Overview
2.1 Telescope Design and Field of View
2.2 Orbital Constraints
2.2.1 Continuous Viewing Zone (CVZ)
2.2.2 South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA)
2.2.3 Predicted HST Position
2.3 Pointing Constraints
2.4 Orientation and Roll Constraints
2.5 Data Storage and Transmission
2.5.1 Onboard Data Storage
Chapter 3: Telescope Performance
3.1 Optical Performance
3.2 HST Guiding Performance
FGS - Dual Guide Star Acquisitions
FGS - Single Guide Star Acquisitions
3.3 HST Observing Efficiency
Chapter 4: Cycle 22 Scientific Instruments
4.1 Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS)
4.2 Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3)
4.3 Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS)
4.4 Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS)
Far-Ultraviolet Channel (COS/FUV)
COS Observations Below 1150
Near-ultraviolet Channel (NUV)
COS FUV XDL Gain Sag
Optimizing the Science Return of COS
4.5 Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS)
Summary of STIS changes after SM4
4.6 Additional Observing Modes
4.6.1 Imaging Polarimetry
4.6.2 Slitless Imaging Spectroscopy
Ultraviolet
Optical
Near-infrared
4.6.3 Ramp and Quad Filters
Ramp Filters
Quad Filters
4.6.4 Coronagraphy
4.6.5 Observations with Two Instruments - Parallel Observing
Coordinated Parallels:
Pure Parallels:
Policies and Procedures:
4.7 Instrument Comparisons
4.7.1 HST Imaging
4.7.2 Spectrographs
Chapter 5: Observing Considerations
5.1 Bright-Object Constraints
5.1.1 ACS, COS & STIS
5.1.2 FGS
5.1.3 WFC3
5.2 Target Acquisitions
5.2.1 Target Acquisition without the Ground System
Blind acquisition
Onboard acquisition
Early acquisition
5.2.2 Target Acquisition with Ground System Support
5.3 Solar System Targets
5.4 Offsets, Patterns, and Dithering
5.5 Spatial Scans
Chapter 6: Orbit Calculation for a Phase I Proposal
6.1 Overview of an Observing Program
6.1.1 General Observer (GO) Programs
Definitions (HST Orbits, Orbital Visibility Periods, and Visits)
Components of a Visit
Preparing a Phase I Program
6.1.2 Snapshot Programs
6.2 HST Visits
6.2.1 Defining New Visits and Optimizing Scheduling Efficiency and Flexibility
6.2.2 Instrument Specific Limitations on Visits
ACS and WFC3: Data Volume Constraints
FGS: Astrometry
Coronagraphy
STIS: CCD and MAMA Observations in the Same Visit
6.3 The Orbital Visibility Period
Orbital Visibility Period for Pure Parallel Observations
6.4 Acquisition Times and Instrument Overheads
6.4.1 Guide Star Acquisition Times
6.4.2 Target Acquisition Times
6.4.3 Instrument Overhead Times
ACS
COS
FGS
STIS
WFC3
6.4.4 Telescope Repositioning Overhead Times
6.5 Constructing the Program
Coordinated Parallel Observations
Chapter 7: Data Processing and the HST Data Archive
7.1 Routine Science Data Processing
7.1.1 Space Telescope Science Data Analysis System (STSDAS)
7.2 The HST Data Archive
7.2.1 Web Access to the HST Data Archive
7.3 Hubble Legacy Archive (HLA)
Appendix A: Orbit Calculation Examples
A.1 ACS Example
A.2 COS Examples
A.3 FGS Example
A.4 STIS Example
A.5 WFC3 Examples
Appendix B: HST Mission
B.1 Servicing Missions and Instrument Complements
SM3A
SM3B
Appendix C: Legacy Instruments
C.1 Faint Object Camera (FOC)
C.2 Faint Object Spectrograph (FOS)
C.3 Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS)
C.4 High Speed Photometer (HSP)
C.5 Wide Field and Planetary Camera 1 (WF/PC)
C.6 Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2)
C.7 The Advanced Camera for Surveys High Resolution Channel (ACS/HRC)
C.8 Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS)
Appendix D: Internet Links
ACS Dither Webpage
ACS Instrument
ACS Instrument Handbook
Anderson J. & Bedin, L.R., 2010, PASP, 122, 1035
Astronomer’s Proposal Tool (APT)
Canadian Astronomy Data Centre
COS Instrument
COS Instrument Handbook
Cycle 22 Announcement Webpage
Cycle 22 Call for Proposals
Digitized Sky Survey (DSS)
DrizzlePac Handbook
DrizzlePac Webpage
ESA Hubble Science Archive
Exposure Time Calculators Webpage:
Fine Guidance Sensor Instrument
Fine Guidance Sensor Instrument Handbook
Hubble Legacy Archive
High Level Science Products
HST Data Handbook
HST Dither Handbook
HST Instrument Handbooks
HST Online
HST Science Instruments
Image Reduction and Analysis Facility (IRAF)
Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST)
MultiDrizzle
NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED)
NICMOS Instrument
NICMOS Instrument Handbook
Parallel Observations
Phase I Proposal Roadmap
Phase II Program Preparation
PyRAF
Set of Identifications, Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data (SIMBAD)
Space Telescope - European Coordinating Facility
Space Telescope Science Data Analysis Software (STSDAS)
Space Telescope Science Institute
STIS Instrument
STIS Instrument Handbook
Tiny Tim
Visit Size Recommendations
WFC3 Instrument
WFC3 Instrument Handbook
WFC3 UVIS CTE Webpage
WFPC2 Instrument
WFPC2 Instrument Handbook
Appendix E: Glossary of Acronymsand Abbreviations

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