|Space Telescope Science Institute|
|STIS Instrument Handbook|
The STIS MAMA detectors are subject to damage at high illumination rates, as explained in greater detail in Section 7.7. To protect the instrument, we have established limits on the maximum count rate at which the detectors may be illuminated. These count rate limits translate into a set of configuration-dependent bright object screening magnitudes. The spectroscopic bright object screening magnitudes are summarized in Table 13.44, and the imaging counterparts in Table 14.40.STScI will perform screening of all MAMA exposures prior to scheduling. Targets not established as safe for the configuration in which they are being observed will not be scheduled. Observations that pass screening but are lost on orbit due to a bright object violation will not be rescheduled. Observers are responsible for assuring that their observations do not violate the MAMA count rate limits. A detailed description of the MAMA bright object limits and the observers’ responsibility is presented in Section 7.7 and in STIS ISR 2000-01.To assure that STScI can adequately screen observations, special constraints are imposed on parallel observing with the MAMAs:
• Coordinated parallels are allowed for other (non-PRISM) spectroscopic modes used with the MAMA detectors only if an exact spacecraft orientation (ORIENT) is requested and the RA and Dec of the parallel field determined. Note that the specification of an exact orient usually limits the scheduling of observations to a ~4–8 week period each year. The observer is responsible for assuring that observations do not violate the MAMA count rate limits both for coordinated parallel MAMA observations and for primes.
• Targets that are one magnitude or more fainter than the magnitude limits in the screening tables generally pass screening. For a target that may exceed a screening limit after correction for extinction and slit losses, observers must provide UV or optical data adequate to establish safety according to the guidelines detailed in Section 7.7. If such data are not available, they must be obtained in a safe HST configuration (see Section 7.7 for more details) or from another source; if obtained with HST, the required orbits must be requested in Phase I.Normal MAMA bright object limits apply to all objects that may be within 5 arcseconds of the entrance aperture. In addition, there are special limits that apply to any extremely bright object that may be within 13.5 arcseconds of the aperture. Full details are given in Section 7.7.4.