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WFC3 Data Handbook v. 3.0
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WFC3 Data Handbook > Chapter 5: WFC3-UVIS Sources of Error > 5.2 Bias Subtraction

5.2
5.2.1 Bias Calibration Issues
Bias reference frames are acquired daily for scientific calibration purposes and for monitoring the detector performance. Multiple bias frames are combined together on roughly a monthly basis (120 frames) into a reference superbias image. The combination removes the cosmic rays accumulated during the readout time and enhances the signal-to-noise ratio of the final results. calwf3 performs the bias correction in two steps (see Section 3.2.4): BLEVCORR subtracts a global bias level as measured from the overscan region and BIASCORR subtracts a reference bias image. The location of the overscan regions in a raw image varies, depending upon the type of readout that is performed. The overscan regions are used to monitor the instrument as well as provide a measure of the bias level at the time of the image. This overscan-based bias level is subtracted from the raw image, normally through the BLEVCORR step in the WFC3 calibration pipeline. Residual two-dimensional bias structure is removed via the superbias reference file correction applied via the BIASCORR step.
5.2.2 Bias Correction for WFC3 Subarrays
When science data are obtained in subarray format, the requisite dark and flat-field corrections will be obtained from the full-frame calibration files, extracted from the appropriate subregion. The superbias correction will also be extracted from full-frame 4-amp readout superbias files (if the subarray resides entirely within a single detector quadrant). Tests have shown that this does not degrade the quality of the dark, flat-field or bias corrections as compared to full-frame data. For subarrays that span detector quadrants, special superbias files must be constructed from individual bias frames read out through the same amplifier as the subarray. For example, a single-chip readout (the largest possible subarray) read out through amp A must be calibrated with a superbias constructed from single-chip bias frames read out through amp A; similarly, science data read out through amp B must be calibrated with a superbias constructed from bias frames read out through amp B.

WFC3 Data Handbook > Chapter 5: WFC3-UVIS Sources of Error > 5.2 Bias Subtraction

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