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Hubble Space Telescope
Figures 1 and 2 for New CTE Correction

FIGURE 1.

Figure 1 shows the ratio of counts from a 14 second exposure of Omega Cen in August, 2000 to the counts in a 100 second exposure, vs. the Y position on the chip (WF2 in this case with gain=15). The raw values (filled circles) fall below a ratio of 0.14 due to CTE loss (i.e., the count rate and background are both lower for the short exposure, leading to more CTE loss). The different panels are for different target brightness, as described by the labels. The filled squares show the values corrected using the Whitmore, Heyer, and Casertano formula while the filled triangles show the values corrected using the Dolphin formula. Note that the Dolphin formula is somewhat better for the top 4 panels, but is much worse for the faintest stars in the bottom panel.

FIGURE 2.

Figure 2 shows a calculation based on the Whitmore, Heyer, Casertano (1999) correction formula, assuming a very low background for the raw image (i.e., 0.1 electron, appropriate for a very short exposure, a narrow-band exposure, or an exposure in the UV) versus an exposure which has been preflashed with 25 electrons. The ratio of the S/N for the preflashed image versus the raw image is plotted vs the Log of the target brightness. The S/N estimates include the uncertainties in the CTE corrections. The three curves show the effects for a star near the bottom of the chip (i.e., X = 400, Y = 100, where the preflash is never an advantage since CTE loss is low and the preflash adds noise), near the center of the chip, and near the top of the chip (where the preflash is an advantage for the brighter targets).