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Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 Instrument Handbook for Cycle 14

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Index


Numerics

135951+621305 1, 2
2M0559-14 1

A

AB magnitude 1
Aberration correction 1
ACS 1, 2
Actuated fold mirrors 1, 2
ADC (see "Analog-to-digital converter") 1
ADT-GAIN 1
AFMs (see "Actuated fold mirrors") 1
Ammonia heat pipe 1
Analog-to-digital converter 1, 2
Annealing of CCD 1
Anomaly
34-row defect 1
image orientation in header 1
long vs. short 1, 2
photometry 1
F1042M 1
point spread function
F1042M 1
shutter 1
AP-17 1, 2
Aperture photometry 1
corrections 1
Apertures 1
definitions 1
filter combinations 1
position updates 1
Application Processor (see "AP-17") 1
AREA mode 38, 179 1, 2, 3
Artifacts
blooming 1
bright object 1
CCD, image 1
diffraction spikes 1, 2
field flattener ghosts 1
filter ghosts 1
horizontal smearing 1
large angle scattering 1, 2
residual image 1
scattering of bright Earth light 1
Astrometry 1
34-row anomaly 1
monitor 1

B

Background
dark count rates 1
sky 1
Bandpass
effective width 1
BD+64D106 1, 2
BD+75D325 1, 2
Bias
reference file 1, 2
Blooming 1, 2
Breathing 1, 2
telescope 1, 2
Bright objects
avoidance regions 1
CCD artifacts 1
observing strategies 1
Bruzual, Persson, Gunn, Stryker atlas 1
BSC (see "Yale Bright Star Catalog") 1

C

Calibration
accuracy 1
astrometry 1
bias
reference files 1
channel 1, 2
charge transfer efficiency (CTE) 1, 2
dark
reference files 1, 2
flat field 1, 2
flux 1
INTFLAT 1
linear ramp filters 1, 2
observations 1
outsourcing 1
pipeline process 1
plan
Cycle 10 1
Cycle 11 1
Cycle 12 1
Cycle 13 1
Cycle 4 1
Cycle 5 1
Cycle 6 1
Cycle 8 1
Cycle 9 1
point spread function 1
polarizers 1, 2, 3
proposal numbers 1, 2
proposals (see "Proposal ID") 1
reference files 1
StarView 1
VISFLAT 1
CALWP2 (see STSDAS) 1
Camera format 1
CCD 1, 2
34-row defect 1
annealing 1, 2
back illuminated 1
blooming 1, 2
bright object artifacts 1
charge transfer efficiency
long-term degradation 1
problem 1
charge trapping 1
clearing 1
dark current evolution 1
description 1
detector
surface traps 1
DQE 1
dynamic range 1
epitaxial thickness 1
field-of-view plot 1
flat field 1
flat field response 1
front-side illuminated 1
full well capacity 1
gain 1, 2
gamma 1
hot pixels 1
image purge 1
linearity test 1
MTF 1, 2, 3
(see also "Pixel response function") 1
vs. WF/PC-1 1
multi-pinned phase 1, 2, 3
orientation 1, 2
over-clocked pixels 1
pixel response 1, 2
polysilicon gate 1
quantization noise 1, 2
quantum efficiency 1, 2
hysteresis 1, 2
quantum efficiency hysteresis 1
radiation damage 1
read noise 1, 2
readout 1
readout time 1
recombination length 1
residual image
artifact 1
bulk 1
saturation 1
silicon band-gap 1
Si-SiO2 interface 1
sub-pixel QE variations 1
thick 1
undersampling 1
warming 1
WFPC2 1
CDBS (Calibration Database System) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Charge transfer efficiency 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
calibration 1, 2
calibration program 1
characterization program 1
charge trapping 1
correction equation 1
cosmic ray tails 1
cosmic rays as probe of 1
CTE tail 1
effect of background light 1, 2
extended sources 1
hotpixels as probe of 1
intensity dependence 1
long-term degradation 1
monitor 1, 2
monitoring 1, 2
noiseless preflash 1
observation strategies to improve 1
photometric effects 1
photometric ramp 1
physical effects 1
preflash test 1
preflashing to improve 1
problem 1
residual images 1, 2
temperature dependence 1
time dependence 1, 2
time evolution 1
X-CTE 1
Y-CTE 1
Charge trapping (see "Charge transfer efficiency") 1
CLOCKS (see "Serial clocks") 1
CMD_EXP 1
Cold junction 1, 2
Color transformation 1
Contamination
control 1
monitoring 1
post-servicing 1
rates 1
short-term variation 1
UV imaging 1
WF/PC-1 1
Continuous viewing zone 1
Cooldown 1
Cosmic ray tails 1
Cosmic rays 1, 2, 3
Count rate
dark current 1
sky 1
target 1
Cousins RI 1
CR-SPLIT 1, 2, 3, 4
CR-TOLERANCE 1, 2, 3
CTE (see "Charge transfer efficiency") 1
CVZ (see "Continuous viewing zone") 1

D

Dark
reference file 1, 2
Dark current 1, 2
cosmic-ray induced scintillation 1
electronic 1
evolution 1
Dark frame
calibration 1
Dark glow 1, 2
DARKTIME 1
Data quality file 1
Data set
contents 1
Decontamination 1
procedure 1, 2
Defocus 1, 2
Delta Cas 1
Detector MTF (see "CCD MTF") 1
Deuterium lamp 1
Diffraction spikes 1
Dimensionless efficiency 1
Distortion
calibration 1, 2
coefficients 1
effect on flat field 1
effect on photometry 1
optical 1
Dither Package 1
Dithering 1, 2
accuracy 1
combining dithered images 1
CTE impact of 1
DITHER-TYPE 1
offsets 1
position 1
position accuracy 1
PSF subtraction, improving 1
singly 1
cosmic-ray removal 1
stellar photometry 1
strategies 1, 2
DQE
CCD 1, 2
DQF (see "Data quality file") 1
Drizzle 1
MultiDrizzle 1
Dynamic range 1, 2
CCD 1

E

EARTH-CALIB 1
Efficiency
dimensionless 1
Emission line targets
observation strategies 1
Encircled energy 1, 2
Epsilon Eridani 1
EXPEND 1
EXPFLAG 1
Exposure
overhead time 1, 2
timing 1
accuracy 1
CCD clearing 1
CCD readout 1
dithering 1
filter change 1
spacial scans 1
Exposure time
advice 1
anomalies 1
CLOCKS=YES 1
estimation 1
quantized values 1
Exposure Time Calculator 1
emission lines 1
extended sources 1
stars 1
stars with background 1
EXPSTART 1
EXPTIME 1, 2

F

F1042M 1, 2
Faint objects
observing near bright objects 1
observing strategies 1
FGS (see "Fine Guidance Sensor") 1
Field flattener 1, 2
Field-of-view 1
orientation on sky 1
Filter change 1, 2
Filters (see "Optical filters") 1
Fine Guidance Sensor 1, 2, 3
breathing effects 1
Fine Lock 1
FK5 (Julian) reference frame 1
Flat field
calibration 1
calibration files 1
CCD 1
definition 1
Earth flats 1
photometry gain correction 1
quality 1
reference file 1, 2, 3
response 1
Flux calibration 1
Focus 1, 2
aperture correction 1
offsets between CCDs 1
WWW info regarding 1
FULL mode 1
Full well capacity 1

G

G191B2B 1, 2
Gain 1
Gain switch
CCD 1, 2
Geometric distortion
coefficients 1
Ghost images
field flattener 1
filter ghost 1
PC1 diffraction stray light 1
PC1 direct stray light 1
GRW+70D5824 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

H

HDF (see "Hubble Deep Field") 1
Header keywords
CMD_EXP 1
DARKTIME 1
EXPEND 1
EXPFLAG 1
EXPSTART 1
EXPTIME 1, 2, 3
PHOTFLAM 1
PHOTZPT 1
SHUTTER 1
UEXPODUR 1
Heat pipe 1
History
instrument development 1
Hot junction 1
Hot pixels 1, 2
Hubble Deep Field 1, 2

I

Image purge
CCD 1
Incandescent lamp 1
Instrument
configuration 1, 2
description 1
objectives 1
optical filters 1
Instrument Science Reports 1
INT ACQ 1
INTFLAT 1
Investigation Definition Team 1
INVMETRIC (see "STSDAS") 1

J

Johnson UBVRI 1

K

Kelsall spots 1, 2
Keyword
WFPC2 clearinghouse 1
K-spots (see "Kelsall spots") 1

L

Lamp
Deuterium 1
incandescent 1
Large angle scattering 1, 2
Linear ramp filters 1
calculator tool 1
calibration 1, 2, 3
observing with 1
using POS-TARGs 1
Long vs. Short anomaly 1, 2
Loss of guide star lock 1
LOW-SKY 1, 2
LRF (see "Linear ramp filters") 1
Lumogen 1, 2, 3

M

M67 1
Magnitude
AB 1
determining 1
Johnson-Cousins 1, 2
Oke system 1
STMAG 1
Strömgren 1
Mean wavelength 1, 2
Measles
WF/PC-1 1
Metering Truss Assembly 1
Methane quad filter 1
METRIC (see "STSDAS") 1
Mode
AREA 1, 2
FULL 1
SUM=2x2 1
Monitoring
CTE 1
Monitoring programs 1
MPP (see "Multi-pinned phase") 1
MultiDrizzle (see "Drizzle") 1
Multi-pinned phase 1, 2, 3

N

NGC 2100 1, 2, 3
NGC 2419 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
NGC 2682 (see "M67") 1
NGC 4147 1
NGC 4472 1
NGC 5139 (see "Omega Cen") 1, 2, 3
NICMOS 1, 2
Noise
background 1
CCD read noise 1, 2
dark current 1
quantization 1, 2, 3
Noiseless preflash 1, 2
Nonlinearity 1
NSSC-1 1

O

Observing strategies
bright targets 1
CCD position and orientation on sky 1
choosing exposure times 1
cosmic rays 1
dithering 1
emission lines in galaxy nuclei 1
faint objects 1
faint targets near bright objects 1
linear ramp filters 1
pointing accuracy 1
polarization 1
Omega Cen 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
On-line calculator (see "Exposure Time Calculator") 1
On-The-Fly Calibration 1
On-the-Fly Calibration 1
On-The-Fly Reprocessing 1
On-the-Fly Reprocessing 1
Optical alignment 1
Optical filters 1
aperture combinations 1
broad band 1
features 1
linear ramp 1
mean wavelength 1
methane quad 1
narrow band 1
OII redshifted quad 1
polarizer quad 1
red leaks 1
simple 1
spectral response 1, 2
transmission curves 1
UV quad 1
Wood's 1, 2
Optical Telescope Assembly 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
breathing 1, 2
effect on PSF subtraction 1
focus adjustments 1
Metering Truss Assembly 1
Optics
actuated fold mirrors 1, 2, 3
Cassegrain relay 1
diffraction spikes 1
distortion 1
field flattener 1, 2
pick-off mirror 1, 2, 3, 4
impact on polarization 1
pyramid mirror 1, 2, 3
relay 1
spherical aberration 1
wavefront quality 1
OPUS 1
ORIENT 1
avoiding bloom track 1
how to compute 1
image header anomaly 1
software to aid selection 1
Orion Nebula 1, 2
OTA (see "Optical Telescope Assembly") 1
OTFC (see "On-The-Fly Calibration") 1
OTFC (see "On-the-Fly Calibration") 1
OTFR (see "On-The-Fly Reprocessing") 1
OTFR (see "On-the-Fly Reprocessing") 1
Over-clocked pixels 1
Overexposure
CCD artifacts 1
Overhead time 1

P

P041-C 1
P177-D 1
P330-E 1
Pal 14 1
Pal 3 1
Pal 4 1
PHOTFLAM 1
Photometry
accuracy 1
anomaly 1
F1042M 1
aperture
corrections 1
breathing 1
encircled energy 1, 2
flat field gain correction 1
focus adjustments 1
long-term stability 1
monitor programs 1
on dithered images 1
orbital variations 1
stellar 1
34-row defect 1
sub-pixel response 1
synthetic 1
system throughput 1
zeropoint 1, 2
PHOTZPT 1
Pick-off mirror 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Pipeline calibration 1, 2
Pivot wavelength 1
Pixel response function 5, 17, 127 1, 2, 3, 4
(see also "CCD MTF") 1
plan
Cycle 11 1
Cycle 12 1
Cycle 13 1
Plate scale
calibration 1, 2
POD files 1
PODPS (see OPUS) 1
Point spread function 1, 2, 3
astigmatism 1
in PC1 1, 2, 3
in WFC 1
breathing 1
calibration 1, 2, 3
characterization 1, 2
characterization program 1
coma 1
dithering to improve 1
encircled energy 1
F1042M anomaly 1
fitting 1
jitter 1
library 1, 2, 3, 4
loss of lock 1
model PSF 1
monitoring 1
roll angle 1
stability 1
subtraction 1, 2
variation with field position 1
variations with time 1
Pointing
accuracy 1
jitter 1
repeatability 1
repeatability across visits 1
Polarizers
calibration 1, 2, 3, 4
cross-polarization 1
observation strategies 1
quad filter 1
POS-TARG 1, 2
Preflash
CTE reduction 1
noiseless 1
Proposal ID
10067 1
10068 1
10069 1
10070 1
10071 1
10072 1
10073 1
10074 1
10075 1
10076 1
10077 1
10078 1
10079 1
10080 1
10356 1
10359 1
10360 1
10361 1
10362 1
10363 1
10364 1
10365 1
10366 1
5205 1
5481 1
5560 1, 2
5561 1
5562 1, 2
5563 1, 2
5564 1, 2
5565 1
5566 1
5567 1
5568 1, 2, 3, 4
5569 1
5570 1, 2
5571 1, 2
5572 1, 2
5573 1
5574 1, 2
5575 1
5611 1
5615 1
5627 1
5628 1
5629 1, 2
5632 1
5643 1
5645 1, 2
5646 1, 2
5648 1
5655 1, 2
5659 1, 2
5663 1, 2
5764 1
5778 1, 2
6140 1, 2
6142 1
6143 1
6179 1, 2
6182 1
6183 1
6184 1
6186 1, 2
6187 1, 2
6188 1
6189 1
6190 1
6191 1
6192 1, 2
6193 1, 2
6194 1
6195 1
6250 1, 2
6902 1
6903 1
6904 1, 2
6905 1, 2
6906 1
6907 1, 2
6908 1
6909 1
6934 1
6935 1
6936 1
6937 1
6938 1
6939 1
6940 1
6941 1, 2
6942 1, 2
6943 1, 2
7618 1
7619 1
7620 1
7621 1
7622 1
7623 1
7624 1
7625 1
7627 1
7628 1
7629 1
7630 1
7712 1
7713 1
7929 1
8053 1
8054 1
8441 1
8442 1
8443 1
8444 1
8445 1
8446 1
8447 1
8448 1
8449 1
8450 1
8451 1
8452 1
8453 1
8454 1
8455 1
8456 1
8457 1
8458 1
8459 1
8460 1
8461 1
8811 1
8812 1
8813 1
8814 1
8815 1
8816 1
8817 1
8818 1
8819 1
8820 1
8821 1
8822 1
8823 1
8824 1
8825 1
8826 1
8827 1
8828 1
8932 1
8933 1
8934 1
8935 1
8936 1
8937 1
8938 1
8939 1
8940 1
8941 1
8942 1
9251 1
9252 1
9253 1
9254 1
9255 1
9256 1
9257 1
9589 1
9590 1
9591 1
9592 1
9593 1
9594 1
9595 1
9596 1
9597 1
9598 1
9599 1
9600 1
9601 1
PSF (see "Point spread function") 1
Pyramid mirror 1, 2, 3

Q

QEH (see "Quantum efficiency hysteresis") 1, 2
Quantization
CCD 1, 2
noise 1
Quantum efficiency 1, 2, 3
hysteresis 5, 16, 85 1, 2, 3, 4

R

Radiation damage 1
RBI (see "Residual bulk image") 1
READ 1
Read noise 1, 2
Red leaks
calibration 1
UV filters 1, 2, 3
Reference files
bias 1
calibration 1
dark 1
Reference frame
FK4 1
FK5 (Julian) 1
Relay optics 1
Residual bulk image 1
Residual images 1
Resolution 1
RMon 1

S

SAO catalog 1
Saturn 1
Scattering
large angle 1
Scheduling
efficiency 1
orbits 1
system changes 1
Selectable Optical Filter Assembly 1, 2
Sensitivity 1
Serial clocks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Servicing Mission Observatory Verification 1, 2, 3, 4
Sharpness 1
Shutter 1, 2
anomaly 1
shutter blade encoder 1
Signal-to-noise ratio (see "SNR estimation") 1
Si-SiO2 interface 1
Sky background 1
SLTV (see "Thermal vacuum test") 1
Smearing
CCD artifacts 1
SMOV (see "Servicing Mission Observatory Verification") 1
SNR estimation 1
examples 1, 2
aperture photometry 1, 2
emission lines 1
extended sources 1
point source with galaxy 1
point sources 1
PSF fitting 1
SNR tables 1
extended sources 1
galaxies 1
point sources 1
tables 1
SOFA (see "Selectable Optical Filter Assembly") 1
South Atlantic Anomaly 1, 2, 3, 4
Spacecraft computer (NSSC-1) 1
Spatial scans 1
Spectral index 1
Spherical aberration 1
correction 1, 2, 3
effects 1
Stability
photometric 1
Standard stars (see star name) 1
StarView
retrieving calibration files 1
STIS 1, 2
STMAG 1
STSDAS
calibration 1
CALWP2 1
INVMETRIC 1
METRIC 1, 2
SYNPHOT 1
UCHCOORD 1, 2
WARMPIX 1
WMOSAIC 1
Sub-pixel QE variations 1
SUM=2x2 (see "AREA mode") 1
SYNPHOT 1, 2, 3

T

Tapes
files on 1
TEC (see "Thermo-electric cooler") 1
Technical Instrument Reports 1
Telescope alignment
definition 1
Thermal vacuum test 1, 2, 3
flats 1
Thermo-electric cooler 1
cold junction 1, 2
hot junction 1
Throughput 1
system 1
UV
time dependence 1
TIM 1, 2, 3
TinyTIM 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Tracking
mode 1
fine lock 1
gyro hold 1
PCS MODE 1
Two-Gyro Mode 1, 2, 3, 4

U

U3 axis 1
UCHCOORD (see "STSDAS") 1, 2
UEXPODUR 1
Undersampling 1, 2, 3, 4
user support
help desk 1
UV
imaging 1
throughput
time dependence 1
UV filters
red leaks 1, 2, 3

V

V2,V3 system 1, 2
VB10 1, 2
VB8 1, 2
Vega 1, 2
VEGAMAG 1
VISFLAT 1
Visual Target Tuner 1
VTT (see "Visual Target Tuner") 1

W

WARMPIX (see "STSDAS") 1
Wavefront quality 1
Zernike coefficients 1
Wavelength
mean 1
pivot 1
Weibull function 1
WF/PC-1 1, 2, 3, 4
analog-to-digital converter 1
CCDs 1
charge transfer efficiency 1
contamination 1
entry port 1
flat field quality 1
quantum efficiency
hysteresis 1
Wide Field and Planetary Camera (see "WP/PC-1") 1
Window (see "Field flattener") 1
WMOSAIC (see "STSDAS") 1
Wood's filters 1, 2
WWW
linear ramp filters calculator tool 1
photometric monitoring 1

X

XCAL 1, 2

Y

Yale Bright Star Catalog 1

Z

Zeolite 1, 2
Zernike coefficients 1
Zeropoint 1, 2

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