The Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (FEPS): Discovery of an Unusual Debris System Associated with HD 12039

Hines, Dean C., Backman, Dana E., Bouwman, Jeroen, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Carpenter, John M., Meyer, Michael R., Kim, Jinyoung Serena, Silverstone, Murray D., Rodmann, Jens, Wolf, Sebastian, Mamajek, Eric E., Brooke, Timothy Y., Padgett, Deborah L., Henning, Thomas, Moro-MartÍn, Amaya, Stobie, E., Gordon, Karl D., Morrison, J. E., Muzerolle, J., & Su, K. Y. L.
2006, The Astrophysical Journal, 638, 1070


We report the discovery of a debris system associated with the ~30 Myr old G3/5V star HD 12039 using Spitzer Space Telescope observations from 3.6-160 μm. An observed infrared excess (LIR/L*=1×10-4) above the expected photosphere for λ>~14 μm is fit by thermally emitting material with a color temperature of T~110 K, warmer than the majority of debris disks identified to date around Sun-like stars. The object is not detected at 70 μm with a 3 σ upper limit 6 times the expected photospheric flux. The spectrum of the infrared excess can be explained by warm, optically thin material comprised of blackbody-like grains of size >~7 μm that reside in a belt orbiting the star at 4-6 AU. An alternate model dominated by smaller grains, near the blowout size a~0.5 μm, located at 30-40 AU is also possible but requires the dust to have been produced recently, since such small grains will be expelled from the system by radiation pressure in approximately a few times 102 yr.

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