AR 14551 (Archival Research)

Sun Jul 14 05:58:10 GMT 2024

Principal Investigator: Nahum Arav
PI Institution: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Investigators (xml)

Title: The COS revolution of AGN outflow science
Cycle: 24

HST/COS has opened a new discovery space for quasar outflow science. Specifically, it provides high quality FUV spectra covering the diagnostic-rich 500A-1050A rest-frame of medium redshift objects. We have published three refereed papers based on the analysis of such data that were supported by our concluded COS archive program, in which we reported: a) a new population of very high ionization outflows, b) robust cases of two-ionization-phase outflows, which are the missing link between UV AGN outflows and x-ray warm absorbers, and most importantly c) spectral diagnostics that allowed us to determine the distance of the outflows from the central source. The latter is a cardinal issue in the field as many researchers believe that most outflows are situated close to the accretion disk (~0.01 pc) while the few reliable measurements show distances of 10-10,000 pc. Therefore, every empirical distance measurement is of importance. Our archive based publication also demonstrates that quasar outflows have sufficient energy to match theoretical predictions for AGN feedback influencing galaxy evolution. We propose to continue this successful archive program. Thus far we've analyzed about 300 COS G130M and G160M orbits of AGN observations. There are roughly 900 additional orbits that satisfy our criteria and will be available within a year. Based on our published survey, we expect that these 900 orbits will yield about 20-30 additional very-high ionization outflows and 4-6 cases of distance and kinetic luminosity determinations, all in cosmologically important luminous-quasars.