GOODS/CDF-S CTIO 4m U-band Imaging: Version 0.5 data release


On UT 2001 September 14-18, we used the MOSAIC II imager on the CTIO 4m Blanco telescope to obtain deep U-band observations of the CDF-S/GOODS field. The observers were Daniel Stern (JPL/Caltech), Claudia Winge (Gemini), and Mike Ledlow (Gemini). Here we decribe the observations and the data processing, and make available the initial, version 0.5 ("best effort") release of the reduced image. An improved re-reduction (version 1) will be available here in summer 2002.


The first four nights of the observing run were photometric, while the final night was essentially lost to thick cirrus. Seeing at u' was variable and relatively poor. The observations were all taken using 20 min dithered exposures. A log of the observations follows:

Table 1. Log of Observations
UT date Total exposure time Mean seeing FWHM Conditions
2001 Sept 14 5 hr. ~2".0 photometric
2001 Sept 15 4 hr. 40 min. ~1".4 photometric
2001 Sept 16 3 hr. 40 min. ~2".1 photometric
2001 Sept 17 4 hr. 20 min. ~2".1 photometric
2001 Sept 18 1 hr. ~1".5 thick cirrus


The observations were taken through CTIO filter c6021, the 5".75x5".75 SDSS u' filter. This filter was chosen in order to minimize bandpass overlap with the standard B-band and the ACS F435W filter, in hope of providing better photometric redshift and Lyman break constraints. The CTIO SDSS u' filter was later shipped to the Tucson NOAO offices for a subsequent observing run at KPNO (March 2002). While in Tucson, the filter transmission function was scanned in the Tucson facilities. There, it was found to have a red leak, as well as lower-than-expected peak throughput. This red leak may affect the photometry for objects in this data set, especially those with red colors.
We will present further analysis of this with the version 1.0 data release.

Data reduction, version 0.5 release

A preliminary, "best effort" data reduction (V0.5) has been done by Daniel Stern, using the MSCRED reduction package in IRAF and following the MOSAIC reduction cookbook scripted by Buell Jannuzi. The final image represents 17 hr. 20 min. of integration time, with a plate scale of 0.268 arcsec per pixel, and approximate seeing FWHM ~ 1.6". For this v0.5 release, we have not yet derived photometric zeropoints using the standard star observations taken at the telescope. For a preliminary photomeric calibration, we have matched a catalog of objects from our CTIO u' image to the ESO Imaging Survey (EIS) 2.2m/WFI U' image of the same field ( Arnouts et al. 2001), using photometry apertures with diameter equal to three times the seeing FWHM. This exercise leads to an AB magnitude zeropoint: where N_ADU is the number of counts in an object in the reduced image. The reduced image reaches an approximate depth of AB=25.8 mag (S/N=5 in a 3".2 diameter aperture).


Astrometry is calibrated to the USNO-A2 catalog automatically as part of the MSCRED pipeline - a necessary step before co-adding the data because of distortions over such a large field of view. The astrometric accuracy has not yet been carefully validated, but should be ~0".5 or better. It is encoded in the image header using IRAF WCS conventions. The release image has been oriented so that north is up and east is left.

Limitations of the v0.5 "best effort" data reduction

In order to achieve rapid turnaround of this data set for public release, many shortcuts were taken for the v0.5 data reduction. These include:

Anticipated improvements for future (v1.0) data release

For the next release (v1.0) of the data, we are making the following improvements in the data reduction process:

Data release

The version 0.5 release of the GOODS CTIO 4m u' image of the CDF-S is available as a FITS image. This image is quite large, 9393 x 9502 pixels in extent, with a file size of 357 Mbytes. It should not be downloaded lightly. We also provide a 2x2 rebinned version of the image which is a bit more manageable. Given the PSF FWHM, this should be adequate for most purposes.

ESO Imaging Survey (EIS) data

Data for the CDF-S region from the ESO Imaging Survey (EIS) as part of their Deep Public Survey (Deep-2c) can be obtained worldwide from the ESO Archive. These include EIS U and U' images taken at the MPG/ESO 2.2m telescope at La Silla with the Wide Field Imager (WFI). These data are described in Arnouts et al. 2001. The EIS CDF-S U-band images have comparable sensitivity to the CTIO data, but with better image quality.

Note that the U' filter used for the 2.2m/WFI observations is relatively similar to the SDSS u' filter used for the CTIO observations (except, hopefully, for the red leak). By comparison, the U filter used for the 2.2m/WFI obserations is a narrower, redder bandpass, with effective wavelength 3710A and FWHM 325A. Information about the WFI filters can be found at the La Silla observatory web pages.

The ESO CDF-S observations from GOODS and EIS can be obtained from the ESO/GOODS or the EIS/GOODS web pages.

Copyright © 2002 The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. All Rights Reserved.