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Lectures

About Event

Thu 15 Feb 2024

Location

Virtual

Description

Astronomical imaging of galaxies reveals how they formed and evolved. While spectroscopy is necessary for measuring galaxies' physical properties, such as their cold gas content or metallicity, it is now possible to reliably predict these properties direct from three-color optical image cutouts by using convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Even the entire optical spectrum can be determined purely from galaxy images. We have also found that highly optimized CNNs can robustly identify nearby dwarf galaxies from large-area imaging surveys, resulting in a dramatic increase in the total number of satellite galaxy systems we can study at low redshifts. These applications are prime examples of how deep learning can facilitate new science in galaxy evolution and near-field cosmology. With the upcoming Wide Field Instrument (WFI) aboard the Roman Space Telescope, cutting-edge machine learning techniques will further transform our ability to study the cosmos.

Speaker: John Wu (STScI)

Notes

The Roman Lecture Series is a monthly virtual lecture series focused on the scientific capabilities and technology of the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope, organized by Roman Mission partners.

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The NASA Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope is managed by NASA/GSFC with participation of STScI, Caltech/IPAC, and NASA/JPL.

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