The Astrolib Synthetic Photometry simulator (pysynphot), and its astropy version Synphot, simulates photometric data and spectra as observed by HST as well as constructs complicated composite spectra from various grids of model atmosphere spectra, parameterized spectrum models, and atlases of stellar spectrophotometry.
These packages use a set of two basic types of FITS files to perform all their calculations. These are:
- Component throughput tables (extension *_syn.fits): each such table gives the transmission curve for an individual element or "component" in the optical path of HST+Science-Instrument. For the most up-to-date files in use, please check CRDS. (Click on 'synphot', then on 'thruput'.)
- Thermal emissivity files (extension *th.fits): each such table lists the thermal emission curves for the infrared detectors in WFC3 and NICMOS. For the most up-to-date files in use, please check CRDS. (Click on 'synphot', then on 'thermal'.)
These files are selected and combined according to the information contained in three master tables:
- TMG Table (extension *_tmg.fits): is the Master
observatory configuration or "master graph" table. It provides with the relationship of the components to one another as encountered by a light ray tracing each of the many distinct paths from the HST Primary Mirror to the different science instruments detectors. For the most up-to-date TMG file in use, please check CRDS. (Click on 'synphot', then on 'tmgtab'.)
- TMC Table (extension *_tmc.fits): is the Master component lookup table. It contains the full directory path and name of each component throughput table (*_syn.fits) used. For the most up-to-date TMC file in use, please check CRDS. (Click on 'synphot', then on 'tmctab'.)
- TMT Table (extension *_tmt.fits): is the Master thermal component lookup table. It contains the full directory path and name of each component's thermal emissivity file (*_th.fits) that should be used by all the infrared detectors. Only WFC3 and NICMOS have thermal emissivity files. For the most up-to-date TMT file in use, please check CRDS. (Click on 'synphot', then on 'tmttab'.)
Pysynphot and Synphot software use these files to estimate the total throughput of any given observing mode or configuration. All these data, or updates, can be found in the MAST Archive. Note that the Exposure Time Calculators use a dedicated installation of these files, which is updated on the ETC release schedule and may not be the same as the files listed in CRDS.
Pysynphot and Synphot expect all files to be in a specific directory structure. All the throughput and thermal emissivity files are separated by instrument. These have names according to the optical component they represent. The TMC, TMG, and TMT tables are kept in a directory, called "mtab." They are uniquely named using crds.uniqname, which generates rootnames using the schema on the FILES AND TABLE STRUCTURES page.
If you are using Synphot or Pysynphot you might want to obtain the latest version of the data it uses in its calculations. Since the set of pysynphot data files is rather large, they are distributed in separate tar files (listed below) and can be obtained from https://archive.stsci.edu/hlsp/reference-atlases.
- synphot1_throughput-master.tar - This contains the HST component throughput files and graph and component lookup tables.
- synphot2_star-galaxy-models.tar - This includes some of the stellar and galactic model files.
(agn, bc95, bkmodels, bpgs, bz77, extinction, galactic, jacobi, kc96, Pickles).
- synphot3_castelli-kurucz-2004.tar - This contains the Castelli and Kurucz 2004 Atlas.
- synphot4_kurucz-1993.tar - This has the Kurucz 1993 Atlas.
- synphot5_phoenix-models.tar - This contains the Phoenix Models.
- synphot6_calibration-spectra.tar - This includes the HST Calibration Spectra.
- synphot7_jwst_etc_models.tar - This contains models supplied by the JWST ETC Working Group, though they are also applicable to HST, and contains the following: stellar spectral atlases (atmo2020 Atmosphere Models and stellar population atlas), spectral atlases of galaxies and emission line objects (TRDS Brown Atlas, Composite Quasar Spectra for Optical and NIR, and SWIRE Galaxies), novae, planetary nebulae, and solar system objects (Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune).